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                Brahminy Blind Snake

                Brahminy Blind Snake

                Brahminy blindsnake, Flowerpot snake, Common blind snake, Island blind snake, Hawaiian blind snake

                Kingdom
                Phylum
                Subphylum
                Class
                Order
                Suborder
                Family
                Genus
                SPECIES
                Indotyphlops braminus
                Population size
                Unknown
                LENGTH
                5-10 cm

                The Brahminy blind snake is a nonvenomous blind snake species found mostly in Africa and Asia but has been introduced in many other parts of the world. They are completely fossorial (i.e., burrowing) animals, with habits and appearance similar to earthworms, for which they are often mistaken. Brahminy blind snakes are the smallest known snake species in the world. Their head and tail are superficially similar as the head and neck are indistinct. Unlike other snakes, the head scales resemble the body scales. The eyes are barely discernible as small dots under the head scales. The tip of the tail has a small, pointed spur. Along the body are fourteen rows of dorsal scales. Coloration ranges from charcoal gray, silver-gray, light yellow-beige, purplish, or infrequently albino, the ventral surface is more pale. The coloration of the juvenile form is similar to that of the adult. The tiny eyes are covered with translucent scales which means that these snakes are almost entirely blind. Their eyes cannot form images but can react to light intensity.

                Video

                Distribution

                Brahminy blind snakes are native to Africa and Asia and are now introduced in many parts of the world, including Australia, the Americas, and Oceania. In Africa they occur in Egypt, Kenya, Senegal, Benin, Togo, Ivory Coast, Cameroon, ZimbabweSomalia, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa (Cape Town, Lephalale, Limpopo Province at the Medupi Power Station during construction), Madagascar, the Comoro Islands, Mauritius, the Mascarene Islands and the Seychelles. In Asia, they occur on Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Pakistan, Nepal, mainland India, the Maldives, the Lakshadweep Islands, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, the Andaman Islands, the Nicobar Islands, Myanmar, Singapore, the Malay Peninsula, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Hainan, southern China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the Ryukyu Islands of Okinawashima and Miyakoshima. In Maritime Southeast Asia, these snakes occur on Sumatra and nearby islands (the Riao Archipelago, Bangka, Billiton and Nias), Borneo, Sulawesi, the Philippines, Butung, Salajar, Ternate, Halmahera, Buru, Ceram, Ambon, Saparua, Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Madura, Flores, Lomblen, Sumba, Timor, East Timor, Kai Island, the Aru Islands, New Guinea (Western Papua and Papua New Guinea), New Britain, and Bougainville Island. They also can be found in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, on Christmas Island. Brahminy blind snakes usually live in urban and agricultural areas. They live underground in ant and termite nests. They are also found under logs, moist leaves, stones and humus in wet forest, dry jungle, abandoned buildings, and even city gardens.

                Climate zones

                Habits and Lifestyle

                Brahminy blind snakes are social and sometimes several individuals may hide together under rocks or logs. They can be seen active both during the day and at night but are mostly nocturnal. These snakes spend most of their time underground and if exposed above ground will quickly seek the cover of soil or leaf litter to avoid light. Blind snakes are harmless and cannot bite. When threatened they will produce a smelly musk, squirm vigorously or poke with the tail spine to cause an unpleasant pricking sensation.

                Diet and Nutrition

                Brahminy blind snakes are carnivores. They feed on larvae, eggs, and pupae of ants and termites.

                Mating Habits

                INDEPENDENT AGE
                at birth
                FEMALE NAME
                female
                MALE NAME
                male
                BABY NAME
                snakelet
                BABY CARRYING
                8 young

                Brahminy blind snakes are parthenogenetic. They are all females and are able to reproduce without males. Females lay eggs or may bear live young. They produce up to 8 young each breeding season. Snakelets are born precocial (fully-developed) and don't need parental care.

                Population

                Population threats

                There are no major threats to Brahminy blind snakes at present.

                References

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