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                Maned Wolf

                Maned Wolf

                Kingdom
                Phylum
                Subphylum
                Class
                Order
                Suborder
                Family
                Genus
                SPECIES
                Chrysocyon brachyurus
                Population size
                17,000
                Life Span
                13-15 yrs
                WEIGHT
                23 kg
                HEIGHT
                90 cm
                LENGTH
                100 cm

                The Maned wolf gets its name from its mane, which stands erect when danger is sensed. Its long reddish-brown hair covers its body, with its mouth, back and tail being black. Sometimes the tip of the tail, the chin and throat are white. Its legs are almost black, and their length enable the wolf to see over the long grass while it runs.

                Distribution

                The Maned wolf makes its home in central South America, extending from north-eastern Brazil, west into Peru and south through Paraguay. It also lives in parts of Argentina and Bolivia, and possibly Uruguay. It prefers open habitats such as tall grasslands, low-scrub parts of forests edges and sometimes swampy areas. In Brazil, it lives in the cerrado, a big area of savannah and open woodland, one of the world's principal "hot-spots" of biodiversity.

                Maned Wolf habitat map

                Climate zones

                Habits and Lifestyle

                The Maned wolf is not a social animal and does not live in a pack. They are nocturnal, hunting only at dusk and during the night. They hardly ever move about during the day. They have three types of communication: a high-pitched whine, a low growl, and a "roar-bark," a low, guttural bark for communicating over long distances. They are shy and timid and pose little or no threat to man. A Maned wolf marks its territory with the strong odor of its urine, a warning to other animals to stay away.

                Group name

                Diet and Nutrition

                The Maned wolf eats small and medium-sized prey, such as small mammals like rabbits and rodents, birds, and fish, and much of its diet, perhaps over 50%, is vegetable matter, such as sugarcane, tubers, and fruits.

                Mating Habits

                MATING BEHAVIOR
                REPRODUCTION SEASON
                November-April
                PREGNANCY DURATION
                60-65 days
                BABY CARRYING
                2-6 pups
                INDEPENDENT AGE
                1 year
                FEMALE NAME
                bitch
                MALE NAME
                dog
                BABY NAME
                pup, whelp

                Maned wolves are monogamous and mate for life. A male and female will share a territory but only come together during the mating season, from November to April. Male and female together find a den to house the pups. The males protect their den while the pups are being born. The gestation period is 60 to 65 days, and a litter consists of 2 to 6 pups, having black fur and weighing about 450 g (16 oz). They are fully grown at one year old. During their first year they rely on their parents to provide food.

                Population

                Population threats

                The main threat is loss of habitat and fragmentation, with grasslands being converted to farmland for crops grazing purposes. Road accidents cause a number of deaths, particularly to younger animals. Domestic dogs can spread diseases to the wolves, and chase and attack them.

                Population number

                According to IUCN, as of 2005, the Maned wolf population was estimated at 17,000 mature individuals, including 15,849 in Brazil, 613 in Paraguay, 487 in Argentina and less than 1,000 in Bolivia. The ICUN classifies the maned wolf as "Near Threatened".

                Fun Facts for Kids

                • The Maned wolf is also called "skunk wolf" due to the strong smell of its territorial markings.
                • Leafcutter ants use the dung of maned wolves to fertilize their fungus gardens.
                • Maned wolves look clumsy when walking due to their limbs moving almost together, as if they were cycling.
                • The Maned wolf's long legs help it to sight its prey. They often scrape the carcasses of their prey with their teeth.
                • A mating pair of wolves claims a territorial area of 27-30 square km and marks crisscrossed paths with urine.
                • Males and females both use urine to communicate, for example, they mark a hunting path or where prey is buried with urine.

                References

                1. Maned Wolf Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maned_wolf
                2. Maned Wolf on The IUCN Red List site - http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/4819/0

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