<form id="ddhxn"><nobr id="ddhxn"><nobr id="ddhxn"></nobr></nobr></form>

                Sumatran Rhinoceros

                Sumatran Rhinoceros

                Sumatran rhino, Hairy rhinoceros, Asian two-horned rhinoceros

                Kingdom
                Phylum
                Subphylum
                Class
                Genus
                SPECIES
                Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
                Life Span
                35-40 yrs
                TOP SPEED
                42 km/h
                WEIGHT
                500-1,000 kg
                HEIGHT
                112-145 cm
                LENGTH
                2.4-3 m

                A Sumatran rhinoceros is the smallest amongst the living rhinos and the only one of Asian rhinos with two horns. Its shaggy appearance is its best known feature, due to the long, coarse hair covering much of its body. As it grows older, this hair falls out, meaning that its age can, to a certain extent, be determined by how hairy it is. Underneath, its hide has a red undertone, making this rhino unique in appearance. Its hairiness suggests to many scientists that it may be a direct descendant of the woolly rhinoceros, extinct for about 10,000 years. Sumatran rhinos, along with the Javan rhino, are the most threatened rhino species. Sumatran rhinos outnumber Javan rhinos, but are more under threat by poaching. They were declared extinct in Malaysia in the wild in 2015.

                Distribution

                The Sumatran rhinoceros once enjoyed a continuous range north to Burma, Bangladesh and eastern India. It may also have lived in Cambodia, Vietnam and Laos. It is now only reported to occur in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Borneo and the island of Sumatra. Some conservationists hope they still survive in Burma, though this is considered unlikely. It lives in lowland and highland secondary rainforest, cloud forests and swamps, in hilly areas with water nearby, particularly steep upper valleys that have copious undergrowth.

                Sumatran Rhinoceros habitat map

                Geography

                Continents
                Subcontinents

                Climate zones

                Habits and Lifestyle

                Sumatran rhinos are solitary animals. Males and females both maintain home ranges, which overlap. Males have larger territories than females. When rhinos do meet on occasion, they do not remain together for very long. These animals are well-known for their marking behavior, marking their trails with urine, feces and soil scraps, which act as olfactory and visual signals for passing rhinos. These animals are inexhaustible walkers. They eat before dawn and again before sunset, moving mostly by night. In the daytime they are often found in ponds of rainwater or wallows dug out near streams. They also make patterned seasonal movements, traveling along hills at the time when the lowlands are flooded, and descending during times of cool and relatively dry weather, returning to the high ground to avoid summer insects, in particular horse flies.

                Diet and Nutrition

                The Sumatran rhino is a herbivore, eating leaves, young saplings, and plants in secondary growth.

                Mating Habits

                MATING BEHAVIOR
                REPRODUCTION SEASON
                October-May
                PREGNANCY DURATION
                12-16 months
                BABY CARRYING
                1 calf
                INDEPENDENT AGE
                2-3 years
                FEMALE NAME
                cow
                MALE NAME
                bull
                BABY NAME
                calf

                Sumatran rhinos are polygynous, each male breeding with multiple females during a single year. The mating period is not known. However, most births take place between October and May, which is when the heaviest rainfall occurs. Gestation is thought to be between 12 to 16 months, with the interval between births being at least 3-4 years. A single calf is born, and during the first few days is hidden amongst dense vegetation near a salt lick while its mother browses. When it is about two months old, it wanders near its mother. During the first stages of development, calves may associate with each other, but later they become solitary. Weaning occurs at 16-17 months old and calves stay with their mother until they are 2 or 3 years old. They reach maturity by the age of 7-8.

                Population

                Population threats

                Hunting has been a primary factor for the decline of this species. Rhino horn and other body parts have been used for centuries in traditional Asian medicine to treat fevers, strokes and other ailments. Hunting is now illegal, but poaching continues, with these animals still being killed for their horns. The other main threat is the loss of habitat due to logging and the conversion of land for other uses. As suitable habitats become fewer, rhino populations are forced into small, fragmented subpopulations, possibly too small to form a viable group. Left in remaining pockets of forest, these animals become even more vulnerable to disease, poaching and environmental disasters.

                Population number

                According to the WWF Panda resource, the total population size of the Sumatran rhino is fewer than 100 individuals. According to the IUCN Red List, the total Sumatran rhino population size is 220-270 individuals. Currently the species is classified as Critically Endangered (CR) and its numbers today continue to decrease.

                Fun Facts for Kids

                • Sumatran rhinos like mud. Wallowing cools them and the mud prevents their skin from drying and cracking.
                • Sumatran rhinos can swim well.
                • This species is the most vocal out of the rhinoceros species. Rhino makes three distinct types of noises: eeps, whistle blows and whales.
                • The first rhinoceroses were on Earth around 50 million years ago. Some of them, like the woolly rhino, with a thick coat of curls, looked somewhat different than today’s rhinos.
                • The horns of the majority of animals are mainly bone inside a thin envelope made of keratin. A rhino's horn is made completely of keratin, the same protein substance that human hair and fingernails are made of.
                • Sumatran rhinos can eat over 50kg of food every day.

                References

                1. Sumatran Rhinoceros Wikipedia article - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumatran_rhinoceros
                2. Sumatran Rhinoceros on The IUCN Red List site - http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/6553/0

                More Fascinating Animals to Learn About

                白小姐一肖一码准选一码